Tuesday, May 26, 2020
How to Write a Multi State EssayThe most important thing to remember when you are writing a multi state essay is that it should not be boring. In fact the main problem with state essays is that they tend to become boring in some cases and boring in others. There are three basic areas in which an essay needs to cover and here we will look at how to look at the key points within the state topic.The first of the three main types of state topics is the one that revolves around, 'What was the issue that caused the state to have an issue?' One of the first of the problems with an essay that deals with this topic is that it tends to become too theoretical. Rather than writing an essay about, 'what were the causes of the state becoming problematic', why not write an essay about, 'what led to the problem of the state becoming problematic'. It's quite simple really.Another type of state essay is the one that asks questions. The most common way of doing this is to ask a question, 'what is the k ey issue that caused the state to have an issue?' If there is no answer, then you need to start looking at other areas of the essay that deals with the problems that led to the state to become problematic.Finally, the one of the most important types of state essays is the one that deals with, 'what does the state need to do to improve?'. Again, many writers often don't realise that the essay should make its own conclusion. Instead, if the question doesn't help, they should look for another area of the essay that does and ask what that area is.Of course, these questions will likely differ from person to person but this is where the aim of the essay should be. Don't focus on the issues itself, rather, you should concentrate on how those issues can be improved and how the ideas within those issues could potentially help the world. There are many other questions you could ask and you should use them to increase the depth of your essay.In order to answer the next questions you might have for yourself, you should consider checking out some books or articles that have some interesting things to say about state topics. For example, in the late 90s the nuclear weapons may have been used in Iraq, but the country still had problems with drugs and crime. If you look at some of the essay topics you could come up with something like, 'how did this nuclear weapons conflict affect Iraq's drug problems and crime rates?'The final tip to remember is that you shouldn't worry too much about being overly pedantic. The purpose of the essay is to tell a story and to give the reader an insight into how a certain country has dealt with particular issues in the past. Try to think about other options as well as approaching the subject from a logical point of view.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Improving our cognitive functions at any age seems to be a good idea. In a world where the ageing population will soon outnumber the young it is an event more important to find a way to protect and enchants them. Everywhere there more and more different products that promise to keep the mind young and sharp. They can be found everywhere from the Apple App store, where you can find apps that help you improve problem solving and decision making abilities to the pharmacy, where you can find tens of different dietary supplements that claim to improve memory. Unfortunately, not all of them really help, therefore, the question is there something that can really maintain or improve our cognitive functions for real. One of the many hypothesis isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Podewils et al. (2005) found that it is possible that physical activities decreases the risk of dementia and conserve cognitive function. The study calculated the leisure-time energy expenditure and an activity index reflecting number of different physical activities of 3, 375 men and women over the age of 65 that did not suffer from dementia that participated in Cardiovascular Health Cognition Study. After a mean follow-up of 5.4 years, 480 of the participants has developed dementia. After multivariate adjustment, the study found that individuals who participated in 4 or more activities had a lower risk of dementia the those who engaged in one or less. Laurin et al. (2001), Scarmeas et al. (2001) and Larson et al. (2006), also, found similar relationship between physical exercise and dementia in people age of 65 and older. They all found that regular physical activity reduce the risk of dementia and/or preserve cognitiv e functions. Up to this point we saw evidence that physical exercise can prevent the decline of cognitive functions in later life, but that does not mean that it improves them. There are some studies that could not find a relationship between exercise and cognitive functions in people over the age of 65. For example, Sturman et al. (2005) could not find evidence that physical activity alone protects against cognitive decline in this age group. They assed 4055 adults over the age of 64 on with questions
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It is widely accepted that people drink alcohol in order to deal with stress. Therefore would that also hold true with college students? Do Eastern Michigan University students drink to be social and to deal with stressors associated with college life? Information on the significance of the problem addressed College should be the best four years of our lives. Instead studies are showing that students are showing record levels of stress in regards to college. Academics, finances, family issues, and concerns with finding a job after graduation top the list of stressors. The Michigan State University student newspaper, The Independent Voice (Feb. 2013) noted that Ã¢â¬Å"more than half of college students reported above average orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Students who binge drink are more likely to put themselves and others at risk for injury by operating or riding in a motor vehicle after drinking. Annually an estimated 30,000 college students require medical treatment after overdosing on alcohol. Lastly, students who attend schools with high rates of binge drinking experience a greater number of secondhand effects such as disruption of sleep or study, property damage, and verbal, physical, or sexual violence. One statistical forecast we found while reviewing the literature stat ed that between 2% to 3% of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s college undergraduates will ultimately die from alcohol-related causes. The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions conducted a recent survey which noted that 19% of college studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ age eighteen to twenty-four years of age met the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders for alcohol abuse or dependence. Five percent of those same students sought treatment for alcohol problems in the past year while 3% of them thought they should seek help but did not. The U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) identified binge drinking among college students as a major public health problem. In Ã¢â¬Å"Healthy People 2010Ã¢â¬ which sets U.S. public health goals through the year 2010, the Federal government has singled out binge drinking among college students for a specific, targeted reduction (i.e., from 39 to 20Show MoreRelatedThe Nature vs. Nurture Debate in Learning More about Alcoholism2588 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesnurture debate concerning alcohol abuse and alcoholism. STATISTICS: The abuse of alcohol alone is estimated at $144.1 billion dollars annually. Every man, woman and child in America pays nearly $1,000 a year to cover the costs of unnecessary health care, auto accidents, crime and lost of productivity resulting from alcohol abuse. Alcohol deaths account for approximately five percent of all deaths occurring in the United States. Alcohol is considered to be one of the most widely used drugs as it attacksRead MoreThe Risks Associated With Alcohol Use and Alcoholism3271 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesAlcoholism Today Alcohol consumption is prevalent in our society; people drink while at parties, sporting events, and at dinner. Drinking is socially acceptable and legal, so there is no surprised that many drink. However, individuals can be deemed deviant if they exceed a certain level of drinking. The deviant receives the label of an alcoholic; to distinguish their behavior is outside the normal values of our society. Ã¢â¬Å"Nearly one-third of the US population will meet criteria for alcohol abuse or dependenceRead MoreAmspar Business Project Essay4790 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesher help in compiling the practice statistics. All the Staff at the McBean Centre for library advice and providing me with somewhere to work! 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Mayuga-Barrion, DDM, MAT It is recognized that stress is a normally occurring part of life. Selye was the first to describe the term stress as a state produced within an organism subjected to a stimulus perceived as a threat (Selye, 1957). He spoke of stress as a condition that occurs commonly in response to any adaptive response withinRead MoreSubstance Abuse15082 Words Ã |Ã 61 Pagessituation where an addict feels he/she must have drugs in order to live; this is the term to describe psychological dependence. Physical dependence occurs when the body metab olism adapts to the presence of the drugs, when the drug is removed strong withdrawal symptoms are produced. This withdrawal syndrome is experienced as sickness, stomach upset and muscular pain. Hallucinations and convulsions may also occur. EXPLAIN WHY ALCOHOL IS A DRUG Alcohol is a drug because it affects the body tissues andRead MoreHow Addiction Effects the Psychological and Physical Functioning of Daily Life7330 Words Ã |Ã 30 Pageswork. This research relates to counseling. The field of counseling looks at methods that will engage an individual with personal issues and how they cope on daily basis. I have several reasons why this topic is of interest to me. I am a Certified Alcohol/Drug Counselor, currently employed as a supervisor at a WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Residential Misa Facility. I have been in this field for 10 years and I remain baffled by the dynamics of addictions. My primary interest in this topic is in hopes of obtaining additionalRead MoreHolistic Approach14986 Words Ã |Ã 60 Pagesyou from that affliction. According to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 40 percent of hypertensive patients could do without their medications when they gave up smoking, limited alcohol consumption, reduced sodium intake, and exercised moderately. Therefore, understanding the causes of disease can bring about not only the prevention but also a cure of a disease. Prevention better than cure Unlike conventional Western medicine, which focuses on reducing and mitigatingRead MoreThe American Culture : Key Values10736 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesfeel uncomfortable with too much protocol at first meetings. This relatively Ã¢â¬ËcasualÃ¢â¬â¢ approach is reflected in the speed with which they move to a first name basis, even with people they have just met. For an American the informality is a way of showing friendliness and warmth. Depending on the context, most Americans would be quite happy with a similarly brief, informal farewell or goodbye. However, you can find that in some service situations, the customer is thanked more profusely (Ã¢â¬Å"thank youRead MoreSpain and Japan Wine Industry Factbook12631 Words Ã |Ã 51 Pagesthe economic and political risk within the industry. 7 Provide future outlook and give conclusion in which we will specify our advice for further investments in two countries. 1.2. Scope and Limitations of Research This factbook is necessary in order to make a comparison between two countries in a certain industry, specifically focuses on assessing, comparing and analyzing relevant conditions of the business opportunities and limitations for investments. The emphasis is on how beneficial effects
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Questions: 1.Examine current Market Targeting, Segmentation and Positioning Theory. 2.Examine Current Process used by Dubai Islamic Bank to Target, Segment and Position it self in Banking Sector. Answers: 1.Introduction Just as the name says, Dubai Islamic Bank is an Islamic bank located in Dubai and whose headquarters are still in Dubai. Having been started in 1975, it became the first bank to implement traditional Islamic laws, rules and regulation in their business operations. To be precise it was the first bank in the whole of United Arab Emirates to implement such laws in its banking system and strives its best to be the pioneer and retainer of those laws and values. Just like any other bank, the DIB is public joint stock company whose shares are also recorded and documented in the Dubai Financial market. Therefore, this means that its operations are just like any other banks when it comes to any other business but differs slightly in the laws that govern the operations such as trust and innovation (Laketa et al, 2015). In addition to that, for the company, the customers are always a priority and therefore have to do what is best for them. In that case, this project will discuss the current pro cess that the bank uses to target its customers, segment its market and position itself in the banking sector. However, despite the differences in which it operates, the bank manages to keep itself in the market and is currently growing and developing at a high rate. 2.Current Processed Used Customer First Initiative Just as mentioned earlier, the banks idea is to first put its customers needs before anything else. The bank has made this activity one of its most desired objective and goal, i.e. be it external or internal customers they are all treated equality and as a priority. Additionally, it has become the objective of every employee as well hence attracting more customers because of the special treatment they receive from the employee and services offered. Also, with this in mind, every activity that the bank undertakes is for the greater satisfaction of the customers needs (Mohamed et al, 2013). In general, this is actually the main reason every business exists and has always proved to be a very effective strategy to implement. Branch Opening It has been discovered that DIB has over 90 branches in the UAE which are currently operational. As every business continues to grow, it starts to expand and therefore open branches in different locations where there is promising and potential success. With this fact, DIB seem to be operating in many different countries in Pakistan and considering the fact that they are still operational, then the business is still thriving. Also, it means that it carries a large share of clients who help it keep running in all its branches. Effective Technology Usage The bank has currently devised a way to fasten the process of servicing the customers. When a customer wants to open an account or do any banking activity, they can do it electronically by use a seamless process which completes the processes in 15-20 minutes tops. The implementation of this technology was done simply because the demand for banking services was increasing and the process was so slow and tiresome. Therefore, by trying to fasten the process for the customers, it will definitely attract more and also increase their loyalty. Customer Centered Organization Basically, DIB is a customer centered bank which focuses on not only improving but also retaining the traditions and the laws that govern its operations but still relate to the culture and traditions of majority of its customers. The bank offers a lot of support for the customer groups, traditional events and other charitable events like fundraisings. In addition to that, it serves its customers through participating in community development, non-profitable organizations and other humanitarian organizations that serve the community juts for economic growth and development (Draghici, 2011). Research Area The research area is the precisely the Dubai Islamic Bank (DIB) which is already discussed in the information above. Research Question How effective are the targeting strategies used by Dubai Islamic Bank? Internal Data This will certainly be derived from the banks accounting and financial reports, its reports from the customers, managers, market analysts and other people who are involved in the banks operations, especially those that are related to its market positioning and segmentation. These reports will be very current and relevant. For instance, the reports for the end of year 2016. External Secondary Source These are the sources listed in my reference section. The sources for my report information are certainly very informative and factual. The data that is contained there relates to the issue on how businesses would want to increase and improve its market share and segment. Additionally, they talk about techniques which businesses can use to attract more customers and keep itself in the market as well. The sources help me answer my research questions by giving a clear understanding of the topic with reference to DIB bank. With that information, I am able to source my research questions answers. Furthermore, they sources are very recent (less than 7years old) and are also very relevant to the topic itself besides the specific research questions. My sources certainly written from an academic point of view by educational researchers who were pretty curious about business growth and development and especially the market increase and market segment. AUTHORS DATE AREA OF PUBLIC TITLE REASON OF CHOICE True Banking Team Sept 2010 Islamic Banking industry forecast, growth and development Islamic microfinance reshaping the lives of poor Contains most of the information about the banking and market targeting strategies of most banks in the region and especially of the type as the DIB. Central bank of UAE 2014 Data on DIBs infrastructure growth Automated teller machines distribution in UAE Has a lot of information on the financial status of the DIB therefore shedding light on its status in the international market. Abul Hassan, Abdelkader Chachi and Salma Abdul Latiff 2008 Scholarly paper on marketing and ethics in Islamic banking Islamic Marketing Ethics and Its Impact on Customer Satisfaction in the Islamic Banking Industry Shows the basic marketing, segment and positioning strategies of many businesses in general especially the Islamic business and customer relations. Pricewaterhousecoopers PWC 2010 Scholarly paper on Islamic banking Finance Islamic Finance Creating value Contains information about the general Islamic banking techniques, procedures and rules which therefore governs the DIB bank. Conclusion The above processes are basically some of the easiest ways which any business can use to target, segment and position itself in its market. Additionally, every business objective is to satisfy its customers needs. Therefore, for DIB is no different because this being their very main aim and objective, they are to achieve it really well. Apparently, the bank also involves itself in many other activities that are likely to attract customers, increase their loyalty and maintain the customers for as long as it takes. Also, they are able to segment and position themselves in their market by starting up many branches in different locations where there operations are also popular, famous and well recognized by many. References Laketa, M., Sanader, D., Laketa, L. and Misic, Z., 2015. Customer relationship management: Concept and importance for banking sector.UTMS Journal of Economics,6(2), p.241. Mohamed, N., Mahmud, M., Ahlan, A.R., Hussein, R., Karim, A., Shahriza, N. and Aditiawarman, U., 2013. Moving toward e-business: customer relationship management alignment in Malaysian small business.International Journal of Ebusiness and Egovernment Studies,5(2), pp.112-21. Draghici, C., 2011. The Role of the Customer Relationship Management in the Era of Globalization.Studia Universitatis Babes Bolyai-Negotia, (3), pp.63-81.
Thursday, April 16, 2020
The Scarlet Letter - Analysis Nathaniel Hawthorne's background influenced him to write the bold novel The Scarlet Letter. One important influence on the story is money. Hawthorne had never made much money as an author and the birth of his first daughter added to the financial burden ("Biographical Note" VII). He received a job at the Salem Custom House only to lose it three years later and be forced to write again to support his family (IX). Consequently, The Scarlet Letter was published a year later (IX). It was only intended to be a long short story, but the extra money a novel would bring in was needed ("Introduction" XVI). Hawthorne then wrote an introduction section titled "The Custom House" to extend the length of the book and The Scarlet Letter became a full novel (XVI). In addition to financial worries, another influence on the story is Hawthorne's rejection of his ancestors. His forefathers were strict Puritans, and John Hathorne, his great-great-grandfather, was a judge presiding during the S! alem witch trials ("Biographical Note" VII). Hawthorne did not condone their acts and actually spent a great deal of his life renouncing the Puritans in general (VII). Similarly, The Scarlet Letter was a literal "soapbox" for Hawthorne to convey to the world that the majority of Puritans were strict and unfeeling. For example, before Hester emerges from the prison she is being scorned by a group of women who feel that she deserves a larger punishment than she actually receives. Instead of only being made to stand on the scaffold and wear the scarlet letter on her chest, they suggest that she have it branded on her forehead or even be put to death (Hawthorne 51). Perhaps the most important influence on the story is the author's interest in the "dark side" ("Introduction" VIII). Unlike the transcendentalists of the era, Hawthorne "confronted reality, rather than evading it" (VII). Likewise, The Scarlet Letter deals with adultery, a subject that caused much scandal when it w! as first published (XV). The book revolves around sin and punishment, a far outcry from writers of the time, such as Emerson and Thoreau, who dwelt on optimistic themes (VII). This background, together with a believable plot, convincing characterization, and important literary devices enables Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Scarlet Letter to the develop the theme of the heart as a prison. The scaffold scenes are the most substantial situations in the story because they unify The Scarlet Letter in two influential ways. First of all, every scaffold scene reunites the main characters of the novel. In the first scene, everyone in the town is gathered in the market place because Hester is being questioned about the identity of the father of her child ( Hawthorne 52). In her arms is the product of her sin, Pearl, a three month old baby who is experiencing life outside the prison for the first time (53). Dimmesdale is standing beside the scaffold because he is Hester's pastor and it is his job to convince her to repent and reveal the father's name (65). A short time later, Chillingworth unexpectedly shows up within the crowd of people who are watching Hester after he is released from his two year captivity by the Indians (61). In the second scene, Dimmesdale is standing on top of the scaffold alone in the middle of the night (152). He sees Hester and Pearl walk through the market place on their way back from Governor Winthrop's bedside (157). When Dimmesdale recognizes them and tells them to join him, they walk up the steps to stand by his side (158). Chillingworth appears later standing beside the scaffold, staring at Dimmesdale, Hester, and Pearl. In the final scaffold scene, Dimmesdale walks to the steps of the scaffold in front of the whole town after his Election day sermon (263). He tells Hester and Pearl to join him yet again on the scaffold (264). Chillingworth then runs through the crowd and tries to stop Dimmesdale from reaching the top of the scaffold, the one place where he can't reach him (265). Another way in which the scenes are united is how each illustrates the immediate, delayed, and prolonged effects that
Friday, March 13, 2020
Definitions and Discussions of Medieval Rhetoric The expression medieval rhetoric refers to theÃ study and practice of rhetoric from approximately A.D. 400 (with the publication of St. Augustines On Christian Doctrine) to 1400. During the Middle Ages, two of the most influential works from the classical period were Ciceros De Inventione (On Invention) and the anonymous Rhetorica ad Herennium (the oldest complete Latin textbook on rhetoric). Aristotles Rhetoric and Ciceros De Oratore werent rediscovered by scholars until late in the medieval period. Nonetheless, says Thomas Conley, medieval rhetoric wasÃ far more than a mere transmission of mummified traditions that were poorly understood by those who transmitted them. The Middle Ages are often represented as stagnant and backward . . ., [but] such a representation fails dismally to do justice to the intellectual complexity and sophistication of medieval rhetorics (Rhetoric in the European Tradition, 1990). Periods of Western Rhetoric Classical RhetoricMedieval RhetoricRenaissance RhetoricEnlightenment RhetoricNineteenth-Century RhetoricNew Rhetoric(s) Examples and Observations It was Ciceros youthful, schematic (and incomplete) treatise De inventione, and not any one of his mature and synthetic theoretical works (or the even fuller account in Quintilians Institutio oratoria) that became the shaping influence on so much medieval rhetorical teaching. . . . Both the De inventione and the Ad Herennium proved to be excellent, coherent teaching texts. Between them they conveyed complete and concise information about the parts of rhetoric, topical invention, status theory (the issues upon which the case rests), attributes of the person and the act, the parts of a speech, the genres of rhetoric, and stylistic ornamentation. . . . Oratory, as Cicero had known and defined it, had declined steadily during the years of the [Roman] empire under political conditions that did not encourage the forensic and judicial oratory of earlier periods. But rhetorical teaching survived through late antiquity and into the Middle Ages because of its intellectual and cultural prestige , and in the course of its survival it took on other forms and found many other purposes.(Rita Copeland, Medieval Rhetoric. Encyclopedia of Rhetoric, ed. by Thomas O. Sloane. Oxford University Press, 2001) Applications of Rhetoric in the Middle Ages In application, the art of rhetoric contributed during the period from the fourth to the fourteenth century not only to the methods of speaking and writing well, of composing letters and petitions, sermons and prayers, legal documents and briefs, poetry and prose, but to the canons of interpreting laws and scripture, to the dialectical devices of discovery and proof, to the establishment of the scholastic method which was to come into universal use in philosophy and theology, and finally to the formulation of scientific inquiry which was to separate philosophy from theology.(Richard McKeon, Rhetoric in the Middle Ages. Speculum, January 1942) The Decline of Classical Rhetoric and the Emergence of Medieval Rhetoric There is no single point when classical civilization ends and the Middle Ages begins, nor when the history of classical rhetoric ends. Beginning in the fifth century after Christ in the West and in the sixth century in the East, there was a deterioration of the conditions of civic life that had created and sustained the study and uses of rhetoric throughout antiquity in courts of law and deliberative assemblies. Schools of rhetoric continued to exist, more in the East than in the West, but they were fewer and were only partially replaced by study of rhetoric in some monasteries. The acceptance of classical rhetoric by such influential Christians as Gregory of Nazianzus and Augustine in the fourth century significantly contributed to continuation of the tradition, though the functions of the study of rhetoric in the Church were transferred from preparation for public address in law courts and assemblies to knowledge useful in interpreting the Bible, in preaching, and in ecclesiastical disputation. (George A. Kennedy, A New History of Classical Rhetoric. Princeton University Press, 1994) A Diverse History [A]s the history of medieval rhetoric and grammar reveal with special clarity, all the significant original works on discourse which appear in Europe after Rabanus Maurus [c. 780-856] are merely highly selective adaptations of the old bodies of doctrine. The classical texts continue to be copied, but new treatises tend to appropriate for their purposes only those parts of the old lore which are of use to the one art. Thus it is that the medieval arts of discourse have a diverse rather than a unified history. The writers of letters select certain rhetorical doctrines, the preachers of sermons still others . . .. As one modern scholar [Richard McKeon] has said in relation to rhetoric, in terms of a single subject mattersuch as style, literature, discourseit has no history during the middle ages. (James J. Murphy, Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: A History of Rhetorical Theory from St. Augustine to the Renaissance. University of California Press, 1974) Three Rhetorical Genres [James J.] Murphy [see above] outlined the development of three unique rhetorical genres: ars praedicandi, ars dictaminis, and ars poetriae. Each addressed a specific concern of the era; each applied rhetorical precepts to a situational need. Ars praedicandi provided a method for developing sermons. Ars dictaminis developed precepts for letter writing. Ars poetriae suggested guidelines for composing prose and poetry. Murphys important work provided the context for smaller, more focused studies of medieval rhetoric.(William M. Purcell, Ars Poetriae: Rhetorical and Grammatical Invention at the Margin of Literacy. University of South Carolina Press, 1996) The Ciceronian Tradition Conventional medieval rhetoric promotes highly formalized, formulaic, and ceremoniously institutionalized forms of discourse. The major source of this static richness is Cicero, the magister eloquentiae, known primarily through the many translations of De inventione. Because medieval rhetoric is so extensively committed to Ciceronian patterns of amplification (dilatio) through the flowers, or colores, of figured speaking that decorate (ornare) the composition, it often appears to be a ponderous extension of the sophistic tradition in a moralistic framework. (Peter Auski, Christian Plain Style: The Evolution of a Spiritual Ideal. McGill-Queens Press, 1995) A Rhetoric of Forms and Formats Medieval rhetoric . . . became, in at least some of its manifestations, a rhetoric of forms and formats. . . . Medieval rhetoric added to ancient systems its own generic rules, which were necessary because documents themselves had come to stand in for the people as well as for the Word that they meant to convey. By following articulated patterns for greeting, informing, and taking leave of the now-distant and temporarily removed audience, the letter, sermon, or saints life acquired typical (typological) forms.(Susan Miller, Rescuing the Subject: A Critical Introduction to Rhetoric and the Writer. Southern Illinois University Press, 1989) Christian Adaptations of Roman Rhetoric Rhetorical studies traveled with the Romans, but educational practices were not enough to keep rhetoric flourishing. Christianity served to validate and invigorate pagan rhetoric by adapting it to religious ends. Around AD 400, St. Augustine of Hippo wrote De doctrina Christiana (On Christian Doctrine), perhaps the most influential book of its time, for he demonstrated how to take the gold out of Egypt to fortify what would become the Christian rhetorical practices of teaching, preaching, and moving (2.40.60). The medieval rhetorical tradition, then, evolved within the dual influences of Greco-Roman and Christian belief systems and cultures. Rhetoric was also, of course, informed by the gendered dynamics of medieval English society that isolated nearly everyone from intellectual and rhetorical activities. Medieval culture was wholly and decidedly masculine, yet most men, just like all women, were condemned to class-bound silence. The written word was controlled by clergy, the men of the cloth and the Church, who controlled the flow of knowledge for all men and women. (Cheryl Glenn, Rhetoric Retold: Regendering the Tradition from Antiquity Through the Renaissance. Southern Illinois University Press, 1997)
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Causes and Consequences of high Staff Turnover Levels in the Retail Industry - Essay Example where this phenomenon is clearer, but the fact is that the high staff turnover level has become a common problem in most organizations while the efforts made should be characterized as rather inadequate. Specifically for the retail sector, the high staff turnover level can be explained by the severe turbulences that characterize the relevant market, which can lead to a series of negative outcomes for the companies that operate in this area. In this context, high staff turnover level in the retail sector should be regarded as an expected outcome if taking into account the series of problems of the specific industry which are being represented mostly by several failures regarding the initiatives and the decisions made by the companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ human resources department. The particular topic has been chosen because of its importance in the operation of commercial markets internationally. More specifically, staff turnover has been found to be related with the business performance (as it will be analyzed in the sections that follow). From this view, staff turnover can also influence the performance of a whole industrial sector in case that the phenomenon is expanded to many firms of a specific sector or just to one which is considered to be the Ã¢â¬Ëindicator of stabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ in its market. Furthermore, the particular topic has been chosen because of its importance for the employees in the various industries of modern commercial markets. The main objective of current dissertation is the examination of the factors that influence the staff turnover in the retail industry as well as the parameters that can lead to an increase of the turnover in the long term. On the other hand, the consequences of the high staff turnover in the retail industry are also being examined in order to formulate secure results regarding the appearance and the development of the relevant phenomenon in modern commercial markets. It has to be noticed that current paper examines a variety of issues related